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雅思写作语法注意升调与降低的区别

2012-04-05 13:39:04 / 来源:未知 / 编辑:蒋序祥

在剑桥国际英语教程(Interchange)各层级的教材均涉及到语音部分,这也是英语口语的重要部分,比如单词重音、语调和连读等。由于此部分易被大部分学生忽略,在此我们讨论一下语调的问题。

一、Rising Intonation(升调)

1. Declarative Sentences which intend to encourage others.(旨在鼓励别人的陈述句)

That's a good idea.

2. “Yes” or “No” questions.(回答“是”或“不是”的一般疑问句)

Is she getting up?

3. Wh-questions begin with wh-words, but the speakers want to show special interest.(以疑问词开头,而说话者想显示特别兴趣的特殊疑问句)

Where do you live?

4. Tag-questions when the speakers are not convincing about the attitude of the listeners.(说话者不确信对方态度时的附加疑问句)

You know about that, don't you?

5. Questions end with “please”。(以"please"结尾的疑问句)

Can you help me, please?

二、Falling Intonation(降调)

1. Brief but complete declarative sentences.(简短而完整的陈述句)

It's not far.

2. Wh-questions begin with wh-words.(以疑问词开头的特殊疑问句)

How much is this tie?

3. Tag-questions which the speakers expect an “yes” the listeners.(说话者期望对方同意的附加疑问句)

It's nice day, isn't it?

4. Imperative and exclamatory sentences.(命令句和感叹句)

Don't forget!

5. Declarative sentences end with “please”。(以"please"结尾的陈述句)

I'd like a cup of coffee, please.

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